Why does Coronavirus affect the pediatric population differently?

The COVID-19 pandemic increasing rapidly affecting communities all across the world. Several pieces of evidence suggest that children are less vulnerable to the effect of COVID-19, but they can still be affected. Why does the virus seem to affect children differently? An analysis performed in one large city in China reported an increase in cases from 2% to 13%. Of the cases reported, most of the affected children where exposed to household members with confirmed cases of CVOID-19.

Currently, is it still unknown if the difference in reported cases between adults and children is due to the difference in exposures (eg. children are less likely to care for sick adults), surveillance, disease severity or testing. Sometimes the symptoms presented might differ from case definitions for diagnosis or surveillance. Complications of COVID appear to be milder in children when compared to the affected adults. 

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