Prebiotics And Probiotics – What Is Their Role In Digestion?

While prebiotics and probiotics sound similar, they are different and have different roles in the digestive system.

PREBIOTICS are non-digestible food ingredients that are used selectively in the colon to multiply healthy bacteria. Prebiotic fiber goes through the small intestine undigested and is fermented when it reaches the large colon.

The main uses of probiotics are-

They promote digestion and stimulate the production of valuable vitamins.

They promote the growth of good bacteria (lactobacilli and bifidobacteria) to feed without the “bad” types. Good bacteria help regulate your immune system by inhibiting the growth of disease-causing bacteria and by digesting food.

PROBIOTICS are live beneficial bacteria that are naturally created by the process of fermentation in foods like yogurt. Probiotics are available in pill form and as an added ingredient in foods like yogurt and health drinks.

Which foods can help boost PREBIOTICS AND PROBIOTICS in the diet?

By boosting daily fiber consumption, you will boost the prebiotic fiber you ingest to feed prebiotic and other desirable strains of gut bacteria for improved health and well-being.

Many high-fiber foods are rich in prebiotic fiber. Some examples include-

  1. Onions and garlic

  2. Oatmeal

  3. Wheat bread

  4. Asparagus and other green leafy vegetables like coriander

  5. Barley

  6. Apple with skin

What are the best sources of probiotics?

Probiotics are found in yogurt, pickles, paneer, fermented soybean. Click Here for the details of probiotics and probiotic-rich foods.

Can we take probiotic supplements?

Though we consume fiber-rich foods, it is sometimes difficult with a typical modern diet, which includes processed foods and high amounts of sugar, to eat enough fermented foods and foods rich in fiber.  Therefore, adding supplements, as suggested by the doctor, may be beneficial. Also, prebiotic supplements are different from probiotic supplements.


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