Oligohydramnios or low amniotic fluid is a condition in which a pregnant woman has too little amniotic fluid.
This occurs in only about 4% of pregnancies.
The growing baby requires amniotic fluid to grow. This watery fluid is inside the amniotic sac (membrane). It’s sometimes called the bag of waters. Your baby stays in this fluid for all of pregnancy. It helps to cushion and protect your baby. Amniotic fluid also helps your baby’s lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract grow.
The fluid is made by your baby’s lungs and kidneys. Your baby swallows the fluid and passes it out as urine. The waste is taken away through your placenta.
Pregnant women normally have about one-half to 1 quart (500 ml to 1,000 ml) of amniotic fluid. Too much or too little amniotic fluid can cause problems.
Leaking or a Rupture of the Membranes
Problems with the Placenta
Signs and Symptoms:
Lack of feeling the movement of your baby
Small uterus measurements
An amniotic fluid index of 5cm or less
Your healthcare provider will monitor you closely and work with you to determine the safest treatment plan.
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