Guide to Help You Tide Over COVID-19 Second Wave

India is witnessing an alarming surge in cases in the past few days. The second wave is spreading much, much faster than the first.

Experts believe the surge is partly fuelled by the new strains of the coronavirus, including a more infectious homegrown variant. The laxity in preventive measures, coupled with new variants, has resulted in a nationwide crisis.

Here’s a guide to help you tide over the 2nd wave:

WHEN TO TEST

On having symptoms: 

Symptoms include fever, loss of smell and taste, body ache, chills, breathlessness.

The New symptoms reported include pink eyes, and hearing impairment, loose motions.

Close contact with COVID Positive patient: 

If you were close to 6 feet for a total of 15 minutes or more with a confirmed COVID-19 patient

WHEN NOT TO TEST

Fully vaccinated 

If two weeks have passed after taking both doses of vaccine and if you have no symptoms.

WHICH TEST IS TO BE DONE

RT-PCR is the gold standard.

Rapid antigen test (RAT) gives an instant report. If RAT is positive, Covid is confirmed. But if RAT is negative and still there are symptoms, go for RT-PCR.

CT VALUE & CT SCORE 

CT value in RT-PCR is Cycle Threshold Value, a marker for the viral load in a patient.

The lower the CT value, the higher the severity.

Doctors ask for a CT scan of the chest of some patients. Here, the higher the CT score, the higher the severity of the infection.

WHAT ARE THE STAGES OF CORONAVIRUS INFECTION

Stage I

Asymptomatic, Home quarantine or isolation wards Patients are without any clinical symptoms, and chest scan is normal.

They may have a mild fever, fatigue, myalgia, cough, runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or .diarrhea

Stage II (a) 

Isolation wards/Hospital/ICU Condition

Moderate but frequent fever, cough, chest CT with lesions.

Stage II (b)

ICU Condition: Severe pneumonia with SpO2 < 92%.

Stage III 

ICU Condition: Critical, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), shock, heart failure, coagulation dysfunction, and acute kidney injury (AKI).

PREVENTION IS BETTER

  1. Therapies for Covid are experimental only

  2. No drug has been officially approved to treat Covid-19; hence prevention is the best way.

  3. Wear masks, wash hands and maintain physical distancing

To know more about ‘COVID-19 FAQs: All You Need to Know About the Second Wave’, Click Here To know more about how WhiteCoats can help you in your professional advancement, visit www.whitecoats.com Want to set up an online consultation for your practice, Click Here

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