Febrile Seizures: Overview



Febrile seizures (febrile convulsions) are fits that can happen when a child has a fever. They most often happen between the ages of 6 months and 3 years.


It can be frightening and distressing to see your child having a seizure, particularly if it's their first seizure.


However, these seizures are usually harmless and almost all children make a complete recovery afterwards.


Types of febrile seizures:


  • Simple febrile seizures. This most common type lasts from a few seconds to 15 minutes. Simple febrile seizures do not recur within a 24-hour period and are not specific to one part of the body.

  • Complex febrile seizures. This type lasts longer than 15 minutes, occurs more than once within 24 hours or is confined to one side of your child's body.



Febrile seizures most often occur within 24 hours of the onset of a fever and can be the first sign that a child is ill.


Signs of a febrile seizure


A febrile seizure usually lasts for less than 5 minutes. Your child will:


• become stiff and their arms and legs may begin to twitch • lose consciousness and may wet or soil themselves • They may also be sick and foam at the mouth, and their eyes may roll back.


After the seizure, your child may be sleepy for up to an hour. A straightforward febrile seizure like this will only happen once during your child's illness.


Content Source: Mayo Clinic


 

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