During Menstruation, Hygiene Plays A Major Role – WHY?

Menstruation or period is normal vaginal bleeding that occurs as a part of a woman’s monthly cycle. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from the inside of the uterus that flows out of the body through the vagina.

Girls and women have very less or no knowledge about reproductive tract infections caused by ignorance of personal hygiene during the menstruation period. Hence, there is a need to discuss the importance of menstrual hygiene in a woman’s life and disposal strategies.

About Menstrual Cycle

A menstrual cycle begins on the first day of a period. The average cycle is 28 days long. However, it can range from 25-35 days.

Phases of the menstrual cycle

  1. Menstruation phase

  2. Follicular phase

  3. Ovulation

  4. Luteal phase


  1. Cramps in the lower abdomen

  2. Back pain

  3. Bloating

  4. Sore breasts

  5. Mood swings and irritability

  6. Food cravings

Menstrual Hygiene Tips

  1. Choose your method of sanitation – like napkins, tampons, cups as per your comfort.

  2. Wear clean underwear- use clean and comfortable cotton material that does not stick to the skin. Also, keep separate underwear during this period as it is unhygienic to walk around in stained underwear.

  3. Change the sanitary napkin every 4-6 hours- otherwise, the blood released attracts other organisms and causes irritation, urinary tract infection.

  4. Discard sanitary napkins properly – wrap them properly before you throw them away to avoid bacterial and other infections.

  5. Wash the vagina regularly- but do not use chemicals containing vagina hygiene products during this time.

  6. Have a bath regularly

  7. Stick to one method of sanitation- do not use tampons and sanitary napkins simultaneously as it may cause infection

Importance Of Menstrual Hygiene

  1. Reduced risk of urinary tract infection

  2. Reduced incidents of rashes in genitals

  3. Ensures good reproductive health

  4. Minimizes the risk of cervical cancer

When To Contact A Doctor

  1. If a child has not started menstruating even at the age of 16

  2. Bleeding for more days than usual

  3. Bleeding heavily than usual

  4. Severe pain during periods

  5. Periods stop suddenly

  6. Irregular periods

  7. You suddenly feel sick after using tampons


To read about ‘Falling Sick With The Changing Seasons? Here Are 5 Health Tips For You’, Click Here

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