Do you have The Flu? Know the Symptoms, Treatment and More..

Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory illness/infection caused by a virus. It is highly contagious and is normally spread by the coughs and sneezes of an infected person. You can also catch flu by just touching the infected person like shaking hands etc.

Adult flu is contagious, 1–2 days before getting symptoms and up to 7 days after becoming ill.

Fast facts on flu

  1. Antibiotics cannot treat flu only antivirals

  2. Vaccination every year is an effective way to prevent flu

  3. The flu vaccine is not suitable for certain groups of people (who have a severe allergy to chicken eggs)

Flu is generally not serious but, it is unpleasant. However, it may cause severe complications in very young children, pregnant women, diabetics, people with respiratory disorders, older people, and those individuals with low immune responses.

Symptoms of Flu:

Flu can often be confused with the common cold as they share similar symptoms such as

  1. Running or blocked nose

  2. Cough

  3. Sore throat

However, you can differentiate flu from the common cold with these symptoms

  1. High temperature

  2. Cold sweats and shivers

  3. Headache

  4. Aching joints and limbs

  5. Fatigue, feeling exhausted

Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are also common.

Complications of flu include

  1. Pneumonia

  2. Bronchitis

  3. Asthma flare-ups

  4. Ear infection

  5. Heart problems

Treatment of Flu

Flu is usually caused by a virus, so antibiotics cannot help, unless it leads to another illness caused by bacteria.

Antivirals for Flu

Doctors may prescribe antivirals, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), in some circumstances.

FDA approved a new drug called baloxavir marboxil (Xofluza) for acute uncomplicated influenza, or flu in 2018.

People can receive this treatment if they:

  1. are aged 12 years or over

  2. have had symptoms for fewer than 48 hours

  3. Possible side effects include diarrhea and bronchitis.

Pain relief medication for Flu

Pain relievers can alleviate some of the symptoms, such as a headache and body pains.

Home remedies for Flu

Individuals with flu should:

  1. Stay at home

  2. Avoid contact with other people where possible

  3. Keep warm and rest

  4. Consume plenty of liquids

  5. Avoid alcohol

  6. Stop smoking

  7. Eat if possible

Source

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