Deworming in Children: Process, Importance, Prevention and More

Deworming is an antihelmintic medication provided to children that expels the intestinal worms/parasites from the body. These worms are usually found in soil and can cause Soil-Transmitted Helminth (STH) infections in children and adults.


How is STH infection transmitted?

The parasitic worms feed on tissues like intestine linings and blood for food and produce thousands of eggs in faeces. Infected people defecation contaminates the soil and the infection spreads through:

  1. Drinking contaminated water

  2. Poor hygiene

  3. Consumption of unwashed, unpeeled or undercooked vegetables

  4. Children playing in contaminated soil

  5. Infected pets

Deworming process:

WHO recommendations for de-worming include:


Preventive chemotherapy:

  1. For children of age 2 years and above: Annual or biannual antihelmintic medications

  2. Periodic large-scale administration of anthelmintic medicines and improvement in water supply, sanitation, and hygiene

Common side effects of deworming:

  1. Mild side effects include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and headache due to the worms passing out through the child’s body

  2. These side effects usually subside within 24 hours after medication

Benefits of Deworming:

  1. Allows better absorption of crucial nutrients for a healthy mind and body

  2. Reduces anemia and improves nutrition

  3. Increases growth and weight gain

  4. Improves cognition, mental and physical development of your child

How to Prevent STH infections in children:

  1. Regular deworming

  2. Not defecating outside and using a sanitary toilet

  3. Keeping the surroundings clean

  4. Washing hands before eating and after using the toilet

  5. Wearing slippers/shoes

  6. Thorough washing of fruits and vegetables

  7. Proper cooking of food

  8. Drinking clean water

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To read about ‘GLUTEN- A Benefit Or Harm To The Body?’, Click Here

 

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