Bone injuries and diseases are the major causes of abnormalities of the skeletal system. Apart from the physical injury that causes a fracture, there are several common causes of bone disease. Here are some of them…
Osteoporosis – It’s when your bones get dangerously weak and more likely to break, especially in the hip, spine, and wrist. Changing diet and exercise habits may help. It’s important to work on your balance and strength to help prevent falls that could break bones.
Type 1 Diabetes – Though the reason is unclear, without enough insulin, your bones may not grow or reach their peak bone mass. If diabetes starts in childhood, when the bones are still growing, the body makes little or no insulin that may weaken your bones. This condition can be managed with drugs, diet, blood sugar tests, and lifestyle changes.
Lupus – This is an immune system condition, wherein the defense system attacks your own body. Muscle pain, fever, tiredness, rashes, and hair loss are common symptoms. With this, you may also likely to develop osteoporosis and break bones.
Celiac Disease – When the body can’t handle gluten (a protein found in wheat and other grains), your immune system attacks and damages your small intestine making it harder for your body to absorb nutrients, including calcium. Weaker bones are common with this disease. Hence, you’ll need a strict gluten-free diet so your body can heal.
Hyperthyroidism – This condition is seen when the thyroid gland makes too much of the hormones that help your body use energy. Hyperthyroidism makes you tired, sleepless, and shaky and speeds bone loss. If it happens for too long, you may get osteoporosis. Medication, surgery or sometimes both are the treatment options for this condition.
Smoking – Tobacco can affect your blood circulation, including your bones. This can lead to weaker bones and may be a particular problem in the spine, which usually doesn’t get much blood. Smoking can also make joint and back pain from other diseases worse. Stopping the habit is the only best treatment option for pain treatments may not work well for you.
Weight Loss Surgery – If you are planning for surgery to remove excess fat from the body, you’re more than twice as likely to break a bone sometime after the surgery. The reason is not clear, but scientists believe it to be due to eating less calcium and vitamin D, which your bones need.
Infection – Sudden joint or bone with sick and feverish feeling indicates a bacterial infection. Another illness or injury must have caused it. Your doctor may call it “septic arthritis” and may use a needle to remove fluid and prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria. Though this condition is not common, viruses or fungi can infect your joints, too; in such cases, antibiotics won’t help.
Arthritis– These are of two types; Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the “wear and tear” type of arthritis that damages the slippery tissue covering the ends of your bones. Exercise can help curb the pain and stiffness; your doctor also may suggest medication and other treatment options like electrical stimulation, surgery.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease wherein your body’s defense system attacks joints and bones, mainly of hands and feet. Besides pain and swelling in the joints, you may feel tired and feverish.
Paget’s Disease of Bone – With this condition, your bones grow too large and become. It affects bones in the leg, skull, pelvis, or spine. The reason is not clear, but your genes could play a part. Medications and/or surgery may be required to fix broken or misshapen bones.
Fibrous Dysplasia – In this, genes tell your body to replace the healthy bone with another tissue type. Bones may become weak, oddly shaped, and fracture easily. Children between 6 and 10 with this condition are likely to break bones. It often affects one side of the body, usually in the arm, pelvis, face, leg, or ribs. Medication, casts, and surgery would help apart from diet and exercise changes.