1. What are Colorectal Conditions?
Colorectal diseases refer to conditions impacting the colon or rectum and their functionality. These conditions can range from mild irritations to serious illnesses.
2. What are some major colorectal conditions?
Colon polyps: A colon polyp is an extra piece of tissue that grows from the lining of the colon (large intestine). It can be flat or mushroom-shaped, small or large. Most are harmless, but a few become cancerous. Once a polyp grows bigger than about ¼ inch, it’s more likely to be cancerous.
Colorectal cancer: Colorectal cancer may develop from colon polyps which have become cancerous.
Colitis: When the colon becomes inflamed, it is called ulcerative colitis. This condition may occur sporadically or become a chronic illness requiring medications and treatment.
Crohn’s Disease: Crohn’s disease is an autoimmune disease of the digestive tract that causes inflammation (swelling) in the small intestine or other parts of the digestive system.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): IBS is a common digestive ailment characterized by bloating, cramps, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
3. What are the common signs and symptoms of colorectal conditions?
Blood in your stool
Ongoing constipation or diarrhea
4. What causes colorectal conditions?
These conditions appear to be caused by both inherited and lifestyle factors.
Lifestyle factors include Cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, alcoholism, etc.
Genetic factors may determine a person’s susceptibility to the disease.
5. What are the screening options for the early detection of colorectal conditions?
Several screening options exist which include the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), flexible sigmoidoscopy, double-contrast barium enema, and colonoscopy.
Patients should talk to their colorectal surgeon to find out which screening method is right for them.
6. What kind of dietary changes can help with mitigating the symptoms associated with colorectal conditions?
Eating more calcium and folate-rich foods have been shown to decrease the size and number of polyps.
Limit saturated fats from animal sources such as red meat
Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains which are rich in fibre content.
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