First aid remains a critical first step when accidents happen. However, for open wounds and similar emergencies, it’s always a good idea to follow up with a medical professional.
Although wounds are common it’s important to deal with them immediately to prevent infection and minimize complications later.
Here’s a helpful guide on basic wound care with 3 Basic steps:
1st step: Control the bleeding
Apply direct pressure on the wound, using gauze pads if you have them or else cloth towels also work well
Elevate the wound above the heart. In case of a hand or foot injury, change the position of the body and raise the limb so it’s higher than the upper chest
Do not apply a tourniquet unless it’s a dire emergency
2nd step: Clean the wound
Once bleeding is under control, you can clean the open wound with mild soap and water
Liquid soap is also a good choice, antibacterial soap is not always necessary
Water can sometimes sting, so opt for a saline solution instead, especially for delicate skin and eyes
Keep the wound clean to avoid infection
Minor bleeding can begin after cleaning. If this happens, use direct pressure with a sterile (or clean) piece of gauze or a cloth towel
3rs Step: Dress the wound
Once the wound is clean and no longer bleeding, apply antiseptic ointment to keep out germs
Cover the wound lightly with an adhesive dressing or waterproof bandage
If the dressing sticks to body hair, you may wrap the extremity loosely with a wide piece of gauze
Always change the dressings every 12 hours
When re-dressing the wound, check for infection or other complications. If you observe tenderness, red streaks, or inflammation around the wound; fever; swelling; or numbness, consult a doctor as soon as possible
It is always good to learn few basic tips for medical management care to take care of yourself or those around you.
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